LOW, MINNIE

LOW, MINNIE (1867–1922), U.S. social service leader. Low was born in New York City and moved to Chicago with her family when she was 10 years old. Inspired by her friend, social reformer and Hull House Settlement director Jane Addams, Low helped found the Maxwell Street Settlement House in 1893. Low's work within Chicago's Jewish immigrant community earned her the reputation as the "Jane Addams of the Jews." While organizing the Maxwell Street Settlement House, Low supported herself financially by working as secretary to hannah greenbaum solomon , the philanthropist and activist who founded the national council of jewish women . With Solomon's assistance, Low became executive director of the Seventh Ward Bureau (later known as the Bureau of Personal Service), a position that she held from 1897 until her death in 1922. The organization helped East European Jewish immigrants who settled in Chicago to secure housing, medical care, loans, and legal aid, and sponsored a workroom that compensated female workers with coal and secondhand clothes. A critic of institutions that dispensed alms, Low advocated a scientific approach to philanthropy that promoted self-sufficiency through a combination of work and loans. The same year that Low began her affiliation with the Seventh Ward Bureau, she also helped to create the Woman's Loan Association. Administered exclusively by women, the Woman's Loan Association provided Jewish immigrants with interest-free loans primarily to start and maintain small businesses. Low also played a prominent role within other Chicago Jewish agencies: Central Bureau of Jewish Charities, Desertion Bureau, Helen Day Nursery, Home for Jewish Friendless, and Jewish Home Finding Society (an organization that helped widows with dependent children and placed children with adopted families). Low's social work activity extended beyond the Jewish community. In 1899, for example, she joined a group of well-known Chicago social reformers including Hull House leaders Louise de Koven Bowen and Julia Lathrop, women's club activist Lucy Flower, and Judge Julian Mack to organize the Juvenile Court of Chicago, the nation's first separate juvenile court. Soon after the court's establishment, Low was hired as a probation officer. In addition, Low's reputation was not limited to Chicago. She achieved national recognition when her colleagues elected her president of the National Conference of Jewish Charities in 1914. Limited finances and poor health plagued Low throughout her life. Never married, Low supported herself financially through employment as a salaried professional. Low left high school during the first year because of health problems and suffered from a prolonged illness before she died on May 28, 1922. At the memorial service, Addams delivered a eulogy that chronicled their friendship and honored Low's accomplishments. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M.J. Deegan, "Minnie Low," in: R.L. Schultz and A. Hast (eds.), Women Building Chicago, 17901990: A Biographical Dictionary (2001); M. Low, "Chicago," in: C. Bernheimer (ed.), The Russian Jew in the United States (1905), 87–99; H. Meites, History of the Jews of Chicago (1924); Obituaries, Chicago Tribune (May 29, 1922) and New York Times (May 29, 1922); S. Tenenbaum, A Credit to their Community: Jewish Loan Societies in the United States, 18801945 (1993); idem, "Minnie Low," in: P.E. Hyman and D.D. Moore (eds.), Jewish Women in America: An Historical Encyclopedia, (1997). (Shelly Tenenbaum (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Minnie Driver — Driver at the premiere of Barney s Version in January 2011 Born Amelia Fiona J. Driver 31 January 1970 (1970 01 31) (age 41) …   Wikipedia

  • Minnie Driver — en el Festival Internacional de Cine de Toronto de 2010. Nombre real Amelia Fiona J. Driver Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Minnie and Moskowitz — Theatrical release poster Directed by John Cassavetes Written by John Cassavetes …   Wikipedia

  • Minnie Driver — Driver auf dem Toront …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Minnie Driver — au Festival international du film de Toronto en 2010 Données clés Nom de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Minnie Pit Disaster — The Minnie Pit disaster was a coal mining accident in Halmer End, Staffordshire, UK in which 155 men died. The disaster took place on 12 January 1918, at the height of the Great War. The disaster, which was caused by an explosion due to firedamp …   Wikipedia

  • minnie bush — noun low shrub of the eastern United States with downy twigs • Syn: ↑minniebush, ↑Menziesia pilosa • Hypernyms: ↑shrub, ↑bush • Member Holonyms: ↑Menziesia, ↑genus Menziesia …   Useful english dictionary

  • High Heels and Low Lifes — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: Verbrechen verführt Originaltitel: High Heels and Low Lifes Produktionsland: GB/USA Erscheinungsjahr: 2001 Länge: 86 Minuten Originalsprache …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • High Heels and Low Lifes — Infobox Film name = High Heels and Low Lifes image size = 250px caption = Theatrical release poster director = Mel Smith producer = Uri Fruchtmann writer = Kim Fuller Georgia Pritchett Darren Boyd narrator = starring = Minnie Driver Mary… …   Wikipedia

  • The Low End Theory — es el segundo álbum del grupo estadounidense de hip hop A Tribe Called Quest. Publicado el 24 de septiembre de 1991 por el sello Jive Records, el álbum tuvo tres sencillos: Check the Rhime , Jazz (We ve Got) y Scenario . Contenido 1 Lista de… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.